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Julian Martinez (aka Pocano)

Native American

Maria Martinez

Native American


1.5 x 12.5 x 12.5 in.
Gift of the Nora Eccles Treadwell Foundation

The production process was complex and could require weeks to create. María and Julian’s distinctive style combined a glossy and matte surface. First, they gathered clay and volcanic ash from the land surrounding the pueblo. Mixing these materials together created the basic clay body which was shaped with traditional gourd tools. Once dried, the surface of was highly polished with a river stone. Julian, an accomplished painter and water colorist, would use liquid clay to paint the desired contrasting matte surface design.

Once the object had dried, María and Julian’s firing process determined the coloring of the clay. In some objects, the black coloring is achieved through a reduction firing process, which reduces the oxygen in the firing pit by smothering the flames with dry horse dung. This causes a chemical reaction by trapping the carbon, which blackens the clay body with the trapped smoke. In the similarly designed Plate (1984.1339), the fire was not smothered which instead produced a rich red-brown color.

Matthew Limb

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