Originally from the San Juan Pueblo, Gonzales married into the San Ildefonso Pueblo where she first learned to make the polished blackware vessels in the 1920sfrom her mother-in-law, Ramona Sanchez Gonzales. Rose grew interested in older techniques and began experimenting with black-on-red. In the 1930s she developed the deep carving method seen on the upper body of Bowl, which she claimed was inspired by a shard of pottery found by her husband while hunting. Gonzales’s deep carving method became widely integrated into other San Ildefonso Pueblo potters’s artistic practices. Gonzales continued to innovate her technique throughout her lifetime. She frequently collaborated with her son Tse-Pé on the development of duotones.